The Importance of Construction Law and Litigation | Laws and Issues

Recent problems in the housing industry and economy have resulted in a number of canceled and abandoned construction projects. As a result, the need for construction lawyers is greater today than ever before.Construction projects involve a multitude of various contracts and many different people. Construction law is not as cut and dry as other types of law because of this.Each construction law firm specializes in different areas, but will likely address legal issues such as:

Construction delays–delays have become a very serious issue as money becomes a problem for contractors. But even if the contractor or the person who spearheaded the project no longer has money to finish a project, he or she still owes a great deal of money to investors. Many projects have been abandoned because of this issue.
Cost overruns and change orders–this is when an individual investing in a construction project believes that he or she was lied to when the deal was first sold and a solid monetary number was listed.
Contracts–as previously mentioned, there are many contracts involved in any construction project. There are contracts between investors, contractors, employees, renters, etc.
Defective work claims–when money starts to dry up, it is common for contractors to try to cut corners by finishing the work on the project in a very cheap and poor manner.
Defects such as roofing defects, water intrusion, structural life safety issues
Liens
Insurance coverage disputes
Mold and mildew claims
Documents related to the project including loan documentation


Most construction projects have so many elements to attend to that it is difficult to proceed without a knowledgeable construction lawyer.

Laws and Stocks: Bringing Transparency to the Economy | Laws and Issues

Every business has an original capital invested at the time of business launch. It is different from property and assets. The value fluctuates from time to time. This stock of a business is divided into shares. Based on the total amount of stock, every share is assigned a particular value.Shares represent a fraction of ownership to the business. The ownership of this asset is determined by issuing of a stock certificate. It’s a legal document that authenticates the number of share owned by a shareholder. A private as well as a public company can have shareholders.Shareholders are people or another organization owning shares of a company. The largest shareholders aren’t retail buyers. They are rather corporate entities or other large mutual funds. Owning even fifty percent or more shares doesn’t entitle them to use property, equipment, etc of that company. This is because the company is considered as a legal entity.


In this regard a stock exchange holds an importance place. It is a marketplace where a company with shares has to get enlisted in order to sell shares to several prospective buyers. Famous stock exchanges are BSE, NSE, NASDAQ, etc which can be cited as examples.There are big and small companies whose shares are traded every day in several stock exchanges across the world. The market value of several large international corporations like Oracle, Microsoft, Siemens, etc. runs into millions of dollars. As a result there is a scope of stock related frauds too.This frauds run into millions or even billions of dollars worth. Crimes related to stocks are labeled under white collar crimes. This is because of the financial knowledge required to commit this crimes. Since, these types of frauds affect not only large scale stock holders but also retail share traders. Class action lawsuit is the obvious option to get relief legally.


The securities market is supervised by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. There are several laws that are used to enforce regularity and transparency in trading in securities market:
Securities Act of 1933
Trust Indenture Act of 1939
Investment Company Act of 1940
Investment Advisers Act of 1940
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002As the laws evolve to plug one loophole lawbreakers often find out another. In case you are a victim of stock related fraud it is prudent to contact a Stock Fraud Lawyer. There are several forums which operate as support groups for stock related fraud victims.